Why should we continue to "most strictly control"? Xinhua News Agency analyzed the three major problems last night.
This is an unprecedented round of regulation: In 2010, the housing prices in some cities rose too fast. Within a year, the central government introduced control measures three times and used many policy tools. The history is rare.
This is a heavy task of regulation: To solve the real problem of excessive housing price rise, we must face the historical problems of the real estate market, and the uncertain factors brought about by the complicated domestic and international economic operation environment.
In 2011, we will continue to unswervingly push forward the regulation of the real estate market and strive to stabilize housing prices at a reasonable price. This is the people's wish and the government's commitment. Why continue to implement the "most stringent regulation and control" measures in the new year? The reporter interviewed the authorities and relevant people on this issue.
1 Is the housing price rising too fast blocked?
This is a 2010 housing price chart: 70 large and medium-sized cities, from the year-on-year increase in price, out of a curve of the first rise and then decline.
At the beginning of the year, it was flying all the way, reaching its peak in April, with an increase of 12.8%. Since the introduction of the State Council's regulatory measures in April, the increase has gradually declined: from 12.4% in May, 11.4% in June, 10.3% in July to 9.3% in August, 9.1% in September, and 8.6% in October. And then to 7.7% in November. It can be seen from these data that the trend of excessive housing price increases has been suppressed to a certain extent.
"To curb the excessive rise in housing prices in some cities." This is the main goal of the real estate market regulation in 2010. From the establishment of the assessment accountability mechanism to the implementation of more stringent differential housing credit policies, strict restrictions on real estate speculation and speculative purchases of various names; from increasing the effective supply of housing to accelerating the construction of affordable housing projects, strengthening market supervision, etc., 2010 The annual regulation has almost used various available policy tools, and further regulations have been made in terms of credit policy, housing security policy, land policy, pre-sale system, and administrative supervision, and the intensity has never been greater.
In the face of the complex real estate market, has the control target been achieved? At the National Conference on Housing and Urban-Rural Construction held at the end of December 2010, Jiang Weixin, Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, commented: “Regulations have achieved certain results.”
Qin Hong, deputy director of the Policy Research Center of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, said: "If there is no regulation, the increase in housing prices in 2010 is by no means the current level."
2 Why are house prices still fluctuating at high levels?
Since the fourth quarter of 2010, some places have re-emerged at high prices, and some regional central city housing transactions that have not implemented restrictions have seen a trend of rising volume and price.
People can't help but ask, after such a large-scale regulation, why is this happening, why is housing prices high? Authorities believe that the emergence of this situation has both the problems of the real estate market itself and many external factors.
——The real estate market itself is hard to return. The imbalance between supply and demand, excessive investment ratio, illegal and illegal trade, speculation in real estate, lag in housing security, unsound real estate tax system, and asymmetric market information have all been accumulated over the years.
-- Over-reliance on the real estate industry to drive economic growth and local fiscal revenue.
-- There have been fewer liquidity pressures and private investment options that have accumulated over the years.
-- Inflow of hot money abroad has also increased the pressure on house prices.
In a deeper sense, high housing prices are also a reflection of many contradictions in economic and social development in the housing sector: the long-standing imbalance between urban and rural areas and regional development is still prominent, and large numbers of people are concentrated in the eastern regions and large cities, resulting in these areas. The housing pressure is too large; the current fiscal system makes the local government's power and financial power asymmetry, which has become an important reason for the problem of "making money with the land". These issues have an impact on the real estate market directly or indirectly.
3 What new measures will be taken to curb high housing prices?
At the beginning of the year, the high-level officials frequently released their determination to adhere to the regulation of the real estate market. The annual work conferences from various relevant departments also sent a strong signal: "Continue to unswervingly strengthen the regulation of the real estate market."
A series of new initiatives came into being: the land bidding system will be improved. The Ministry of Land and Resources said that in 2011, it is necessary to promote the transformation of land supply from the single goal of “higher price” to multi-objective management such as improving the market and ensuring people's livelihood.
The order of the real estate market will be further regulated, and the supervision of pre-sale funds for commercial housing will be strengthened. The behavior of “reluctant sales” and “squatting” will be more strictly regulated.
Continue to implement differentiated housing credit policies and promote the healthy development of real estate finance. The working meeting of the People's Bank of China proposed that in 2011, a sound monetary policy will be implemented, and macro-prudential management will be further strengthened to improve the overall liquidity threshold, which will certainly provide a favorable external environment for the regulation of the real estate market.
Administrative measures such as purchase restrictions are not relaxed. Fuzhou, Xiamen, Haikou and Wenzhou, which originally announced the restriction period, said that the 2011 purchase restriction policy will continue to be implemented.
The real estate tax pilot city and the levy schedule are gradually clear. Shanghai and Chongqing are pilot cities for property tax. According to the news of the "two sessions" in Chongqing, the Chongqing Municipal Government has decided to levy a high-end commodity housing property tax. It is expected that relevant documents will be issued in the first quarter of 2011.
In addition, in response to the deep-seated problems in the real estate market, Zhang Ping, director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that in 2011, a comprehensive policy plan to solve residential housing and promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market will be formulated and implemented. According to Xinhua News Agency, "Xinhua Viewpoint"
■Nanjing property market
House prices rose again before the Spring Festival
In the off-season before the Spring Festival, Nanjing City North has a price of 19,000 yuan / square meter, and has sold 60% in three days. The buyers sighed that the price is chasing Hexi, it is really expensive, but it is still bought. In addition, Jiangbei also has a number of real estate news that will raise prices.
Following the price increase of the two brands in Hexi and Chengbei last week, this week, another property in the north of the city chose to open higher. "The price may reach 19,000 yuan / square meter, directly chasing Hexi." This single-storey multi-storey residential building called Beichengju is somewhat mysterious under the rendering of many media reports. According to a reporter's investigation yesterday, Beichengju actually opened on Monday this "secret", the average price is indeed 19,000 yuan per square meter, rough delivery, the area is between 57-117 square meters. And all of its 56 suites have also sold 35 sets in three days, and the current 6-storey listings have been sold out.
After the New Year's Day in the North of the city, there is a sporadic price increase, and the price increase of Jiangbei Real Estate is even more powerful. It is reported that Tianrun City plans to push two high-rise residential buildings this weekend, with a floor area of 72-90 square meters and an average price of 8500 yuan/square meter. The price of the same type of property launched on the New Year's Day was 8,200 yuan / square meter.
After New Year's Day, before the Spring Festival, this is a traditional off-season. This year, there are some real estate prices raised to form a "different landscape." In this regard, Yang Jian, director of the operation of Yangzi Real Estate, believes that on the one hand, the new policy of the central government will at least wait until after the Spring Festival, so the listed properties are generally hot. In addition, the municipal welfare is also a factor. In particular, there are so many Jiangbei real estates ready to adjust the price, which is inseparable from the construction of the subway and the construction of the tunnel. Zhang Yao